[102] In it, the Pope continued the Church's teachings on social justice. This happened before, when Pope Paul VI waived the five-year rule and announced beatification processes for two of his predecessors, Pope Pius XII and Pope John XXIII. Benedict XVI was elected the 265th pope at the age of 78. Rarely used by John Paul II, it was more widely worn by his predecessors. Kindly help more people in their Christian life by liking our page and inviting your family, friends and relatives to do so as well. During his visit, he suggested that altering sexual behavior was the answer to Africa's AIDS crisis, and urged Catholics to reach out and convert believers in sorcery. The lecture received much attention from political and religious authorities. In May 2009, he visited Israel. [204] In the monastery, the pope emeritus does not live a cloistered life, but studies and writes. On 29 September 2005, the Congregation for the Causes of Saints issued a communiqué announcing that henceforth beatifications would be celebrated by a representative of the pope, usually the prefect of that Congregation.[66]. He visited the Middle East (Jordan, Israel and Palestine) in May 2009. Peter and Paul) and released on 7 July 2009. [187], On 17 July 2009, Benedict was hospitalized after falling and breaking his right wrist while on vacation in the Alps; his injuries were reported to be minor. In the joy of the Risen Lord, confident of his unfailing help, let us move forward. [189], In 2013 it was reported that Benedict has multiple health problems including high blood pressure and reportedly has fallen out of bed more than once, but the Vatican denied any specific illnesses. Bishop of Rome. However, his episcopal motto was "cooperators veritatis" (collaborators of the truth). "[111], Benedict XVI condemned excessive consumerism, especially among youth. [171] When Maciel was honored by the Pope in 2004, new accusers came forward[171] and Cardinal Ratzinger "took it on himself to authorize an investigation of Maciel". He is also known to be fond of cats. He is the oldest person to have been elected pope since Pope Clement XII (1730–40). [131] Pope Benedict apologised for any offence he had caused and made a point of visiting Turkey, a predominantly Muslim country, and praying in its Blue Mosque. The Lord will help us, and Mary, His Most Holy Mother, will be on our side. In 2001 he created the successor to the decree. [51], On 12 March 1983, Ratzinger, as prefect, notified the lay faithful and the clergy that Archbishop Pierre Martin Ngo Dinh Thuc had incurred excommunication latae sententiae for illicit episcopal consecrations without the apostolic mandate. At the balcony, Benedict's first words to the crowd, given in Italian before he gave the traditional Urbi et Orbi blessing in Latin, were: Dear brothers and sisters, after the great Pope John Paul II, the Cardinals have elected me, a simple, humble labourer in the vineyard of the Lord. Mitre. Thus, in the mystery of the cross, the three divine Persons are present: the Father, who gives his Only-Begotten Son for the salvation of the world; the Son, who totally fulfils the Father’s plan; the Holy Spirit — poured out by Jesus at the moment of his death — who comes to make us participants in divine life, to transform our existence so that it may be enlivened by divine love. Will Ratzinger's past trump Benedict's present? By John Stegeman The Catholic Telegraph From Pope Benedict XVI’s resignation (see March 2013 cover) to Pope Francis’ election (April 2013 cover) and everything since, The Catholic Telegraph has had the story. [206] He then made an appearance at the canonization mass of Pope John XXIII and Pope John Paul II, greeting the cardinals and Pope Francis. Pope Benedict XVI Benedict XVI was the 265th man to lead the Catholic Church and the 16th to assume the papal name “Benedict.” This article will focus on his personal life, time with the church and notable aspects of his papacy to make it easier for students to learn and retain. [151] While in Washington, the pope addressed representatives of US Catholic universities, met with leaders of other world religions, and celebrated Mass at the Washington Nationals' baseball stadium with 47,000 people. "Much is already being done for the integration of the families of immigrants, although much still remains to be done. From an address by Pope Benedict XVI to the 26th General Chapter of the Salesian Congregation, 31 M ... At the school of St Joseph Cafasso, your Founder learned to make his own the motto "Give me souls, take away all else", as the synthesis of a model of pastoral action inspired by the figure and spirituality of St Francis de Sales. Ordained as a priest in 1951 in his native Bavaria, Ratzinger embarked on an academic career and established himself as a highly regarded theologian by the late 1950s. [225], The official style of the former Pope in English is His Holiness Benedict XVI, Supreme Pontiff Emeritus or Pope Emeritus. On 2 January 2005, Time magazine quoted unnamed Vatican sources as saying that Ratzinger was a front runner to succeed John Paul II should he die or become too ill to continue as pope. [78], Pope Benedict made only modest changes to the structure of the Roman Curia. Share to help others in their Catholic faith and life. [185] A few days later an unconfirmed rumor emerged that Pope Benedict had undergone an operation in preparation for an eventual bypass operation, but this rumor was only published by a small left-wing Italian newspaper and was never confirmed by any Vatican insider. [175][176][177] The Pope then promised to introduce measures that would "safeguard young people in the future" and "bring to justice" priests who were responsible for abuse. ‎During his papacy, Papa Benedetto taught, guided and encouraged the universal Church with his beautiful, both simple and profound, weekly catechesis (given at the Wednesday General Audiences). [237] The alleged Vatican investigation of whether there are any cases when married persons may use condoms to protect against the spread of infections surprised many Catholics in the wake of John Paul II's consistent refusal to consider condom use in response to AIDS. When a priest becomes a Bishop, he must choose a motto and a coat of arms. Man is not fulfilled in an absolute autonomy, deceiving himself that he is God but, on the contrary, by recognizing himself as a child, an open creature, reaching out to God and to his brethren in whose faces he discovers the image of their common Father. NEW YORK (CNN)-- The official motto of Pope Benedict XVI's April 15-20 visit to the United States, the first of his papacy, is "Christ our Hope." FIAT! [39][40] Several of Benedict's former students became his confidantes, notably Christoph Schönborn, and a number of his former students sometimes meet for discussions. Other issues also prompted condemnations or revocations of rights to teach: for instance, some posthumous writings of Jesuit priest Anthony de Mello were the subject of a notification. Music for Catechesis on the Saints - To the Ends of the Earth by Fr Rob Galea - ℗ 2011 Robert Galea - used with permission. [107] As there were fears that the move would entail a reversal of the Second Vatican Council,[109] Benedict emphasised that the Tridentine Mass would not detract from the council, and that the Mass of Paul VI would still be the norm and priests were not permitted to refuse to say the Mass in that form. Benedict's election as pope occurred in the 2005 papal conclave that followed the death of Pope John Paul II. [267], Pope Benedict XVI called for nuclear disarmament. [29] Ratzinger then trained in the German infantry. [277], In December 2012, the Vatican announced that Pope Benedict XVI had joined social networking website Twitter, under the handle @Pontifex. [210], Benedict XVI attended the consistory for new cardinals in February 2015, greeting Pope Francis at the beginning of the celebration. [80] On 16 January 2013, Pope Benedict transferred responsibility for catechesis from the Congregation for the Clergy to the Pontifical Council for Promoting the New Evangelization.[81]. Birthday: April 16, 1927 How Old - Age: 93 At the age of five, Ratzinger was in a group of children who welcomed the visiting Cardinal Archbishop of Munich, Michael von Faulhaber, with flowers. He is the first pope to resign since Gregory XII in 1415, and the first to do so on his own initiative since Celestine V in 1294. The statement from the Vatican announcing the Pope's coat of arms and motto explained that the phrase had a special meaning for Francis as he felt it recalled his own vocation, when at the age of 17, he went to confession on St Matthew's day in 1953. [230], The best-known title, that of "Pope", does not appear in the official list of titles, but is commonly used in the titles of documents, and appears, in abbreviated form, in their signatures as "PP." "The only condition for the validity is the full freedom of the decision. 'The Jewish people were once the chosen people. Thank you for your generous response. [136], While visiting Brazil in May 2007, "the pope sparked controversy by saying that native populations had been 'silently longing' for the Christian faith brought to South America by colonizers. Servant of the Servants of God "[116] The Foreign Minister of Israel also offered more tentative praise, though the Minister believed that "this Pope, considering his historical experience, will be especially committed to an uncompromising fight against anti-Semitism. Benedict was talking to the new Japanese ambassador to the Vatican. "Peter's responsibility thus consists of guaranteeing the communion with Christ. Communio, now published in seventeen languages, including German, English and Spanish, has become a prominent journal of contemporary Catholic theological thought. [67] Pope Benedict XVI canonized Bishop Rafael Guizar y Valencia, Mother Theodore Guerin, Filippo Smaldone and Rosa Venerini on 15 October 2006. [153] Also while in New York, the Pope celebrated Mass at St. Patrick's Cathedral, met with disabled children and their families, and attended an event for Catholic youth, where he addressed some 25,000 young people in attendance. [275] During his trip to Australia for World Youth Day in 2008 the media reported that festival organizers lent the Pope a grey cat called Bella[276] to keep him company during his stay. He said "something like a human ecology" was needed, adding: "Rain forests deserve indeed to be protected, but no less so does man". Pope Benedict XVI at the Wednesday General Audience in St. Peter's Square on Sept. 11, 2005. [273] He recorded an album of contemporary classical music in which he sings and recites prayers to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Vatican officials called the meeting "a significant stage in the progress of bilateral relations with Vietnam. [49], While bishops hold the secrecy pertained only internally, and did not preclude investigation by civil law enforcement, the letter was often seen as promoting a coverup. His father, a policeman, belonged to an old family of farmers from Lower Bavaria of … Open wide the doors for Christ! Benedict XVI remained there for two weeks. What does the motto of Pope Benedict XVI mean? So this is not Catholic doctrine.This is a false doctrine that the SSPX has to accept. The Financial Times reported that Benedict XVI's advocacy for a fairer redistribution of wealth helped set the agenda for the 2009 July G8 summit.[268][269]. Appeal for reconciliation in Côte d'Ivoire, where the Pope has [226] Less formally he is referred to as Emeritus Pope or Roman Pontifex Emeritus. He is a member of several scientific academies, such as the French Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques. [216][217], In March 2016, he gave an interview expressing his views on mercy and endorsing Pope Francis's stress on mercy in his pastoral practice. Pope Benedict XV was pope during the First World War, during which time he passionately pursued peace between the warring nations. He attended the elementary school in Aschau am Inn, which was renamed in his honour in 2009. Benedict chose to be known by the title "pope emeritus" upon his resignation.[10][11]. [106], Near the end of June 2007, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issued a document approved by Benedict XVI "because some contemporary theological interpretations of Vatican II's ecumenical intent had been 'erroneous or ambiguous' and had prompted confusion and doubt. A note on the numbering: Pope Benedict X (1058–1059) is now considered an antipope by the Catholic Church. Contrary to the initial speculation of the press that the shoes had been made by the Italian fashion house Prada, the Vatican announced that the shoes were provided by the Pope's personal shoemaker.[183]. Ratzinger's 1953 dissertation was on St. Augustine and was titled The People and the House of God in Augustine's Doctrine of the Church. On 11 February 2013, Benedict unexpectedly announced his resignation in a speech in Latin before the cardinals, citing a "lack of strength of mind and body" due to his advanced age. Details on Pope Benedict XVI’s papal coat of arms and motto (“Cooperatores Veritatis”—“Co-workers of the Truth”) can be read here. Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI (Latin: Benedictus PP. [48] For 20 years, Ratzinger had been the man in charge of enforcing the document. The pope said that the Church viewed the distinction as central to human nature, and "asks that this order of creation be respected". It is the first encyclical to be published since the Vatican decided to assert copyright in the official writings of the pope. However, the tiara and keys remain the symbol of the papacy, and appear on the coat of arms of the Holy See and (reversed) on the flag of Vatican City. In Pope Benedict's arms, the tiara is replaced with a silver mitre with three gold stripes. Benedict XVI made his first public appearance after his resignation at St. Peter's Basilica on 22 February 2014 to attend the first papal consistory of his successor Pope Francis. [61] The decision was announced on 13 May 2005, the Feast of Our Lady of Fátima and the 24th anniversary of the attempt on John Paul II's life. Biography of Pope Benedict XVI. Further, in December 2010, the Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith explained that the pope's statement did not constitute a legitimization of either contraception or prostitution, which remains gravely immoral. The intellectual affinity between these two thinkers, who would later become decisive figures for the twentieth-century Church, was preoccupied with rediscovering the essential in Christianity: Guardini wrote his 1938 "The Essence of Christianity," while Ratzinger penned "Introduction to Christianity," three decades later in 1968. Benedict XIII (1724-1730) of the Order of Preachers used the "Dominican chief" [heraldic term: upper part of the field] which is white divided by a black "chape". Additionally, I recall Saint Benedict of Nursia, co-patron of Europe, whose life evokes the Christian roots of Europe. [202][203] Benedict returned his official Fisherman's Ring, which is usually destroyed by Vatican officials on the death of a pope to prevent documents being counterfeited. May 28, 1977 Ordained bishop. The new Blesseds were Mother Marianne Cope and Mother Ascensión Nicol Goñi. Pope Benedict also said he would appoint a special commission to examine the Legionaries' constitution and open an investigation into its lay affiliate Regnum Christi. Thanks to St. Benedict and Western monasticism, the demise of classical civilization was the occasion for a new beginning and, eventually, a nobler civilizational accomplishment. In particular, Dominus Iesus, published by the congregation in the jubilee year 2000, reaffirmed many recently "unpopular" ideas, including the Catholic Church's position that "Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved." [209], Benedict wrote the text of a speech, delivered by Archbishop Georg Gänswein, on the occasion of the dedication of the Aula Magna at the Pontifical Urbaniana University to the Pope Emeritus, "a gesture of gratitude for what he has done for the Church as a conciliar expert, with his teaching as professor, as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and, finally, the Magisterium." Benedict XIII (1724-1730) of the Order of Preachers used the "Dominican chief" [heraldic term: upper part of the field] which is white divided by a black "chape". The liturgical Solemnity of the Holy Trinity that we are celebrating today invites us to contemplate this mystery, but it also urges us to commit ourselves to live our communion with God and with one another according to the model of Trinitarian communion. It has a garden of more than 2,000 square meters that overlooks the monastery and is adjacent to the current "Pope's garden". [212] In his reception address, Benedict paid homage to his predecessor, John Paul II. [23], On 4 September 2020, Benedict XVI became the longest-lived pope, 93 years, 4 months, 16 days, surpassing Leo XIII, who died in 1903.[24]. He pointed out that use of Tridentine Mass "was never juridically abrogated and, consequently, in principle, was always permitted. He stated that "sex is no longer a given element of nature, that man has to accept and personally make sense of: it is a social role that we choose for ourselves", and "The words of the creation account: "male and female he created them" (Gen 1:27) no longer apply". And as they came to know him, the question became, why not Ratzinger? Benedict's election as pope occurred in the 2005 papal conclave that followed the death of Pope John Paul II. "[137] The then President of Venezuela, Hugo Chávez demanded an apology, and an indigenous organisation in Ecuador issued a response which stated that "representatives of the Catholic Church of those times, with honourable exceptions, were accomplices, deceivers and beneficiaries of one of the most horrific genocides of all humanity. During World War I, Pope Benedict XV was pope and worked diligently for peace. Although the encyclical is officially the work of Pope Francis, paragraph 7 of the encyclical explicitly expresses Francis' debt to Benedict: "These considerations on faith — in continuity with all that the Church's magisterium has pronounced on this theological virtue — are meant to supplement what Benedict XVI had written in his encyclical letters on charity and hope. [77], On 7 October 2012, Pope Benedict XVI named Hildegard of Bingen and John of Avila Doctors of the Church, the 34th and 35th individuals so recognised in the history of Christianity. In the consistory of the following 27 June, he was named Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria Consolatrice al Tiburtino by Pope Paul VI. ‎During his papacy, Papa Benedetto taught, guided and encouraged the universal Church with his beautiful, both simple and profound, weekly catechesis (given at the Wednesday General Audiences). Thanks in advance and God bless you and your loved ones! In 1969, he returned to Bavaria, to the University of Regensburg and co-founded the theological journal Communio, with Hans Urs von Balthasar, Henri de Lubac, Walter Kasper and others, in 1972. "[57] Ratzinger had hoped to retire peacefully and said that "At a certain point, I prayed to God 'please don't do this to me'...Evidently, this time He didn't listen to me. In this connection, the Enlightenment is of Christian origin and it is no accident that it was born precisely and exclusively in the realm of the Christian faith....It was and is the merit of the Enlightenment to have again proposed these original values of Christianity and of having given back to reason its own voice... Today, this should be precisely [Christianity's] philosophical strength, in so far as the problem is whether the world comes from the irrational, and reason is not other than a 'sub-product,' on occasion even harmful of its development—or whether the world comes from reason, and is, as a consequence, its criterion and goal...In the so necessary dialogue between secularists and Catholics, we Christians must be very careful to remain faithful to this fundamental line: to live a faith that comes from the Logos, from creative reason, and that, because of this, is also open to all that is truly rational. 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