It is intended primarily for agricultural researchers, technicians, and farmers in developing nations, but will also be of value to others. "Ear-Cockle and Yellow Ear-Rot Diseases of Wheat: Ii. The reaction of 16 genotypes of wheat to infection by the seed gall nematode, Anguina tritici, and the development of "tundu" or spike blight disease was evaluated by artificial inoculation under field conditions for two successive seasons at Baghdad. Recognizing the symptoms of ear diseases early is critical for proper and immediate treatment and for preventing any complications that may come as a result of a disease or condition. Seed borne diseases of wheat like Karnal bunt (Tilletia inidica), loose smut (Ustilago nuda tritici), head blight or scab (Fusarium spp) and tundu or ear cockle (Clavibacter tritici and Anguina DISEASE RESISTANCE AND DEFENSE MECHANISMS IN PLANTS 96-100 20. [11] Mustafa, S. A. identifying wheat and triticale diseases in the field. thesis, College of Agriculture, University of Salahaddin-Erbil. NEMATODE BACTERIAL ASSOCIATION BY PRAMILA GUPTA*) and GOPAL SWARUP Division of Nematology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 12, India The pathogenicity on wheat of the nematode Anguina tritici, alone and in combination with the bacterium Corynebacterium tritici, was studied. EAR-COCKLE AND YELLOW EAR-ROT DISEASES OF WHEAT: II. thesis, College of Agriculture, University of Salahaddin-Erbil. Thesis. (2009), Study on wheat and barley ear-cockle disease caused by nematode Anguina tritici in Erbil province. This nematode very often present in association with the bacterium (Corynebacterium tritici) causing tundu disease of wheat. The grains for sowing purposes should be thrashed from uninfected wheat ears. Nicol J.M. M.Sc. 5. Wheat rust epidemics occurred from time to time in many countries. Cv. M.Sc. Study on wheat and barley ear-cockle disease caused by nematode Anguina tritici in Erbil province. Seed gall nematode of wheat/Ear cockle/Tundu disease of wheat Importance: Known to be present in the entire major wheat growing areas of the world, more common in Europe, Asia, Africa and India. College of Agriculture University of Salahaddin-Erbil Erbil Turkey. The text comprises a brief description of the major wheat and triticale diseases, insect pests, nematodes, physiologic and Ear diseases can especially be worrying because they could lead to pain and discomfort or even serious hearing impairment. Bolat N. Bagci A. Trethowan R.T. William M. Hekimhan H. Yidirim A.F. Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is served as a source of staple food to the mankind since times immemorial. Sahin E. Eleckcioglu H. Toktay H. (2006). Evaluation o/ wheat genotypes to tundu disease Twenty five-2 day old germinated seeds of each of the M.Sc. Nematode Bacterial Association" published on 01 Jan 1972 by Brill. 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